Patient Care Protocols
The use or possession of the protocol book does not exempt field personnel from the responsibility to know the information in the San Mateo Policy and Procedures Manual. This Protocol book does not replace the Policy and Procedures Manual and is provided as a tool for their reference.
Basic Life Support
Each Treatment Protocol section begins with Basic Life Support techniques and then proceeds to Advanced Life Support techniques. This is done to facilitate continuity of care between BLS and ALS personnel responding to the same patient. Start by instituting BLS measures, then proceed to ALS measures as dictated by your skill level and your patient assessment. Utilize good judgment and consider additional resources as needed.
Routine Medical Care
A group of standard assessments and treatments, including but not limited to airway, breathing and circulation, and the use of routine monitoring devices. Routine Medical Care (RMC) is described in the Primary and Secondary Survey Sections. RMC is provided to every patient as guided by your assessment of the scene and the patient’s condition.
Care Outside of Protocol Guidelines
No set of protocols can cover all patient problems. When dealing with a situation not addressed by a Standard Treatment Protocol, utilize other pre-existing standard life support guidelines, including PHTLS, ACLS, PALS, and good medical judgment. We encourage the use of Base Physician contact in such events.
Disease agents may be present in any body substance or fluid, and the presence of disease agents may or may not be known. Clinically healthy individuals may carry and be capable of transmitting these agents. Precautions with all patients shall include routine use of appropriate barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous-membrane exposure when contact with blood or other body fluids is anticipated.
Prehospital personnel who are exposed to potentially infectious materials should immediately follow the reporting procedures set up by their agency. Notification should not routinely be made to the EMS Agency or to the San Mateo Department of Public Health.
Hospital emergency departments have specific requirements for managing exposure to body substances experienced by prehospital care personnel. Emergency departments are expected to actively assist prehospital personnel in evaluating risk and recommending and/or providing appropriate prophylactic care when needed. Emergency responders are expected to identify the source patient to the hospital, and to comply with emergency department procedures (e.g. Royce log) when reporting potential exposure to infectious materials.
Prophylactic care recommendations for health care workers are found in the CDC June 7, 1996 MMWR “Provisional Public Health Service Recommendations for Chemoprophylaxis After Occupational Exposure to HIV”. Emergency departments are expected to follow these guidelines when managing prehospital exposure to potentially infectious substances.
*For temporary reference: morphine sulfate dosage for pediatric pediatric patients. See 6/12 memo to Prehospital Care Providers re: Interim Pain Policies.